THE MÖSSBAUER  EFFECT: 50 YEAR AFTER THE DISCOVERY

Todor M. Peev

Abstract

 

The German physicist Rudolf L. Mössbauer detected recoilless emission and absorption of  γ-quanta of 191Ir in 1958. The discovery was named “Nuclear γ-resonance” or “Mössbauer effect”. The effect laid to a new experimental method, known as “Mössbauer spectroscopy” or “Nuclear gamma-resonance spectroscopy”.

The method found applications theoretically and experimentally in different sciences. There are over 50 000 publications in the field of physics, chemistry, biology, geology, mineralogy, fine art, medicine, technology, metallurgy, etc.

In the beginning of the 60s of the last century the investigations were carried out in Bulgaria first in Department of Atomic Physics, Faculty of Physics of the St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia and Institute of Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy of the BAS, and latter in P. Hilendarski University Plovdiv, Institutes of Chemical Technology Sofia and Bourgas, Institute of Catalysis and Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry BAS, etc.

The scientific interests in Bulgaria refer to the theory of the effect, nuclear physics, magnetism, the experimental methods and techniques, the applications in solid state physics and chemistry, chemical kinetics and catalysis, electrochemistry, corrosion and corrosion protection, mechanocnemistry, nanotechnology, soils, minerals, etc.