Main Guidelines for Preparing Research Paper for

Publishing in Journal of Balkan Ecology

(Title: Brief Title Expressing Essence of Paper not more 12 words.)





Institute or Department, Faculty, University, Address, Fax, E-mail


Abstract. Please, apply 1.5 spacing for the hard copies of your paper submitted to the Journal of Balkan Ecology.

(1) Formulate briefly the problem considered in the paper, using 2-3 sentences.

(2) Describe the main methodology: idea, methods, experiment treatments and indices measured, using 2-3 sentences.

(3) Formulate the main results covering the aim reached of the paper, using 2-3 sentences.

You can use phrases such as:

(1). The paper deals with ...(for example: the influence of factor 1 and factor 2 on the A process intensity).

(2) We used the index 1 and the index 2 to describe the influence of factor A on process G. We applied the laboratory method for determining the index 1. (3) We established that ...

Key words: give 5-8 words identifying the paper essence.



Describe the problem considered in an extensive way.

Give main results obtained by different authors in solving problems close to the problem considered in this paper, and cite (Author, Year) or . (Author et al., Year). Cite the literature sources by name and year of publishing, for example: (Betow et al., 2002).

Formulate the aim of the research. You can use words such as: The paper is aimed at establishing ... (for example: the influence of factor A on the process G).



Formulate the idea or the approach used to solve the formulated problem.

Describe the experimental treatments applied (or natural observations) to establish the searched regularity under given conditions.

Announce the appropriate methods to be used for measuring the indices, which determine the factors and their impact on the process considered. Cite.

Describe the conditions, under which the research was done.



Describe the obtained data systematized in tables and figures designated as Table 1, Table 2, ... and Fig. 1, Fig. 2, ... and cited in the paper text in this order.

Give interpretation of the regularities established through the measured data directly and (or) using regression equation (linear or other).

Explain the phenomenon (effect, influence, impact, velocity change, etc.) using your knowledge on the process or using information and interpretation given by other investigators.

Attach the measurement unit with every physical, chemical and biological magnitude used by you in the research and described in the paper. Write this unit after each magnitude given in tables and figures.

Formulate the main and secondary regularities, findings and establishments, and explain them from physical point of view, or chemical or biological ones.



Formulate the main result of your research work: as a regularity, or as a new model, or as a new approach, or as a new data on the process considered.

Then, give the regularities of secondary significance, established through the data obtained in your research.





Please, use the scheme mostly accepted in the international scientific journals. Example for a paper published in a journal:


Christov, I. D. 1998. Ecological Approach to Crop Irrigation Scheduling and Fertilizing. – Journal of Balkan Ecology, v. 1, No. 1, 47-52.

Example for a Monograph, a Ph.D. Thesis or D.Sc. Thesis:


Christov, I. D. 2004. Estimation of Agroecosystem Water Status and Formation of Plant Water Supply in Soils. - PublishScieSet-Eco, Sofia, p. 216.

Christov, I. D. 1991. Soil Water Status Estimation and Current Management Concerning Crop Productivity. - D.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Soil Science, Moscow University, p. 300; Published Essay on the D.Sc. Thesis , p. 36.

Christov, I. D. 1975. Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of Soil Moisture Movement in Infiltration Processes Using Physical Model. - Ph.D. Thesis, Institute of Agricultural Physics, St. Petersburg, p. 178; Published Essay on the Ph.D. Thesis, p. 16.

Example for a report:


Christov, I. D. 1999. Ecological Susceptibility of Plants to Impact Factor: Theory, Application and Significance. – Proceedings of the 8th European Ecological Congress on European Dimension in Ecology: Perspectives and Challenges for the 21st Century, Chalkidiki, Greece, 18-23 September 1999.


NOTES: Please, do not cite any literature sources in the Abstract and the CONCLUSION. Please, use one and the same word for a magnitude in the whole paper. Please, do not use abbreviations, which are not explained using completely written words in English. Please, translate the whole citation included in the REFERENCES into English. No other languages in the REFERENCES are accepted.


Please, apply 1.5 spacing for your papers submitted to the Journal of Balkan Ecology.



New Requirements for Contributors

to the Journal of Balkan Ecology

Contributions reporting original research or reviews and analyses dealing with some aspects of environmental quality in natural and agricultural ecosystems will be considered from all disciplines by the Editorial Board. Ecological problem under consideration must be clearly formulated.


Title. A short title, being written in bold small letters, not exceeding 15 words is required. It must accurately identify the manuscript content.

authors names are written in light (not bold) capital letters.

Affiliation(s) (if more than one must be marked with a, b… superscript together with the AUTHOR FAMILY NAME) and complete address must be in italic.

Abstract. An informative, self-explanatory abstract, not exceeding 250 words, must be supplied. It should include: a brief formulation of the problem considered; how it is solved using description material, methods, treatments theories, etc.; and the main result obtained. Key words: give 5—10 words, which are essential for the paper.


Material and Methods,

Results and Discussion,



are required as subtitles of a research paper. Appropriate subtitles of a scientific survey paper are necessary.

Short communications are welcome.

Tables. Each table must be on a separate sheet. Tables are numbered consecutively. Do not duplicate matter that is presented in figures.

Figures. Provide photographs glossy prints with good dark and light contrast. Prepare drawings with dark, heavy lines for quality printing. Write the abbreviation Fig. and Figs. only.

Avoid writing or printing equations and sentences in Figs. Label each Fig. with name of author, title of article and number of the Fig. Original Figs. will not be returned to authors.


The literature sources are arranged alphabetically by senior authors. The author-year system is preferred.

Do not number the reference list. Citations should include names of all authors, year of publication, complete title, publication or
 journal title, volume, number, and inclusive pages.

Single-authored articles should precede
multiple-authored articles, for which the individual is senior author.

Two or more articles by the same author(s) are listed chronologically; two or more in the same year are indicated by the letters a, b…located after the year.

All published works referred to in the text must be listed in the reference list and vice versa.

Only literature that is available through libraries can be cited. The reference list can include theses and abstract publications.

Material not available through libraries, such as personal communications or privileged data, should be cited in the text in parenthetical form.

Symposium proceedings should include editor, date and place of symposium, publisher and page numbers.



Two legible copies of each manuscript must be supplied. The entire manuscript must be typed 1.5 spaced not more 18 pages. The manuscript will not be returned to authors.

3.5" Microdisk must be sent to the editor. Disks should be formatted for MSDOS or PC-DOS, running on IBM or compatible computers, with or without Windows. MACINTOSH files and disks are not acceptable.

Revision of Manuscripts

Authors have 1 month to make revisions and return their manuscripts following reviewer and editor comments. If not returned within 1 month, the manuscript will be released; it must then be resubmitted as a new paper.

Style Guidelines

Both the accepted common name and the chemical name of pesticides must be given when first mentioned in the text. Similarly, the Latin binomial or trinomial must be shown for all plants, insects, pathogens, and animals as first listing the main text. No abbreviations are accepted if unexplained.



The authors pay 80 EURO for publishing one accepted paper, if their organization is not subscribed to the Journal. All scientists, working at institutions subscribed to the Journal, can publish free of charge. The editor will supply the senior author with 3 reprints free of charge. A single copy of each issue of the Journal costs 50 EURO plus bank expenses and postage.