Academician V. I. VernadskY: from mineralogy and biogeochemistry to philosophical enlightment (150 anniversary of his birth)

Ruslan I. Kostov

Abstract

Thе article presents short biographical data and notes about the outstanding Russian scientist academician Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky (1863-1945). He is founder of biogeochemistry and genetic mineralogy, and has a significant tribute for the development of sciences as geochemistry and radiogeology. He introduces the biosphere and noosphere as global topics to mankind. His philosophical works have been published posthumously.